Others indicate that the demolition of the VFA does not automatically end the EDCA or the MDT. Goldstein believes that „Washington wants to leave the Naked Bones of the Alliance as a deterrent“ to China – and to prevent China from acquiring military bases in the Philippines. Stavridis agrees that the VFA can be replaced by an acceptable „VFA lite“ for both. Locsin offered to renegotiate the agreement and not denounce it. www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/02/26/duterte-says-philippines-can-survive-without-american-military-help/ Collin Koh of the Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore proposes that the United States could compensate for the end of its alliance with the Philippines by www.scmp.com/week-asia/politics/article/3050833/ending-philippines-us-military-pact-will-affect-south-china-sea military cooperation with Singapore, Vietnam and Indonesia, and perhaps also with Australia and Papua New Guinea. The government of Fidel Ramos decided to negotiate a new SOFA, which was later renamed VFA. The government treated the agreement as a treaty under the constitutional rule to ban foreign troops from Philippine soil unless it was covered by a treaty. For the United States, the VFA has always been an executive agreement similar to what it has with other countries around the world. Context is important. Since the capture of colonial rule in Spain in at least 1898, the U.S.
Army has been present in the Philippines. The Philippines was an American colony from 1898 until its independence in 1946. Since 1951, the Philippines and the United States have signed a Mutual Defence Treaty (TDM) which provides, under certain conditions, that each would support the other if one of them was attacked. As part of the agreement, the United States had large bases in the Philippines of strategic importance for its continued regional dominance – Marine Base and Clark Air Base. The United States supported Marcos` brutal dictatorship until he was overthrown by a popular rebellion. Many Filipinos saw this and the bases as proof of American imperialism and wanted the bases to be closed. quizlet.com/64789103/wh-chapter-342-the-colonies-become-new-nations-section-2-southeast-asian-nations-gain-independence-flash-cards/ Richardson, for his part, said it was better for Duterte`s top security advisers to put pressure on a different approach than the president.